Dentures are not something that people typically plan on as they think of their future. But for some it’s a reality that they are facing. Missing teeth can be a struggle emotionally and financially. It may not always be someones falt that they are missing teeth. Genetics and predisposition can play a part in gum disease that could lead to tooth loss. An accident or health issues can be a cause of missing teeth. Whatever the reason for missing teeth, there may be a time when a person must make a choice to either live without teeth or replace them, such as with dentures.
Luckily, dentures have advanced in appearance and functionality so the person with them can feel good about their smile and about themselves. Dentures can really improve one’s life.
There are different types of dentures available depending on your oral health. Here are the types of dentures and what you need to know about them.
You may have heard these referred to as full complete dentures. They are a full set of removable teeth, fully customized to restore the shape and look of natural teeth. They are able to improve eating habits so you can chew and enjoy food as you once did. Generally speaking, this type of dentures is for people who are missing all of their teeth or must have the last remaining teeth removed.
Fixed Partial Dentures (FPD)
Also known as implant-supported bridges, fixed partial dentures require existing teeth to serve as abutments, or supports, for the denture. If you have a few missing teeth in the same area, this is ideal.
Unlike other types, you cannot remove FPD’s as they are permanent dentures. If you have permanent solid teeth on either side of the missing tooth, FPD’s may be a good option for you. There are some good things that come from this type of dentures. Most feel more secure with them. They are also stronger than removable dentures. Additionally, you have more extended protection of oral structure, giving a better bite.
Removable Partial Dentures (RPD)
When you only need to replace a few missing teeth, removable partial dentures is an option. With RPD’s, replacement teeth are attached to a plastic base that is the same color as your gums. The dentures are built on a framework that is cast metal for reinforcement.
Removable partial dentures have the natural look, function, and feel of your teeth restored. You can easily remove and replace RPD’s anytime. They are commonly an alternative to implant-supported bridges.
While RPD may be an option for you, there are two different types available—cast partial dentures and acrylic partial dentures.
Cast Partial Dentures is a partial denture consisting of a chrome cobalt frame with acrylic and tissue-colored. They are recommended when you have one or more natural teeth remaining in your upper or lower jaw.
Acrylic Partial Dentures, are made of acrylic resin and imitate the function and look of your natural teeth. These are temporary and fully supported by your gums.
Some may refer to these as overdentures. Implant-retained dentures click into place onto dental implants. They can be permanent or removeable and support an entire set of teeth. Implant-retained dentures or overdentures provide a firm and steady fit and improve chewing function better than traditional dentures.
With removeable implant-retained dentures, you remove them every night for cleaning. There are two different methods of attachments for overdentures:
- Ball-retained: balls attached on the ends of the implants that allow the dentures to snap in place.
- Bar-retained: a bar running across the implants that allow the dentures to fix to them.
Another name for implant-retained dentures is “snap-in dentures.” The name makes sense as the dentures snap securely in place.
This type of dentures takes the “never without teeth” approach, meaning, you go in the dental office with teeth and leave with new teeth. Immediate dentures are for people who have teeth but need them removed and replaced with dentures. The dentures are made before your teeth are removed. When the dentures are ready, your teeth are removed and replaced with the dentures the same day.
Knowing the types of dentures that are available to you is helpful. We never want you to feel insecure about yourself. If you have denture needs or questions, please contact us or schedule an appointment today. It’s good to know that you don’t have to go without a smile and that you can always be confident in yourself!